# Installing Wings

Wings is the next generation server control plane from Pterodactyl. It has been rebuilt from the ground up using Go and lessons learned from our first Nodejs Daemon.


You should only install Wings if you are running Pterodactyl 1.x. Do not install this software for previous versions of Pterodactyl.

# Supported Systems

Operating System Version Supported Notes
Ubuntu 18.04 Documentation written assuming Ubuntu 18.04 as the base OS.
CentOS 7
Debian 9

# System Requirements

In order to run Wings you will need a system capable of running Docker containers. Most VPS and almost all dedicated servers should be capable of running Docker, but there are edge cases.

If your provider makes use of Virtuozzo, OpenVZ (or OVZ), or LXC then you will most likely be unable to run Wings. If you are unsure what your host is using there are a couple of options. The easiest is to check their website, or reach out to their support team.

If you want to take a different approach, try using lscpu and checking what the virtualization type listed is. An example of this is shown below which shows my hypervisor running with full virtualization — this means it will support Docker without issues. If you see KVM for the vendor, chances are you're fine as well.

[email protected]:~$ lscpu | grep 'vendor\|type'
Hypervisor vendor:     VMware
Virtualization type:   full

If that doesn't work for some reason, or you're still unsure, you can also run the command below and as long as it doesn't report Xen or LXC you're probably okay to continue.

[email protected]:~$ sudo dmidecode -s system-manufacturer
VMware, Inc.

# Dependencies

  • curl
  • Docker

# Installing Docker

For a quick install of Docker CE, you can execute the command below:

curl -sSL https://get.docker.com/ | CHANNEL=stable bash

If you would rather do a manual installation, please reference the official Docker documentation for how to install Docker CE on your server. Some quick links are listed below for commonly supported systems.

Check your Kernel

Please be aware that some hosts install a modified kernel that does not support important docker features. Please check your kernel by running uname -r. If your kernel ends in -xxxx-grs-ipv6-64 or -xxxx-mod-std-ipv6-64 you're probably using a non-supported kernel. Check our Kernel Modifications guide for details.

# Start Docker on Boot

If you are on an operating system with systemd (Ubuntu 16+, Debian 8+, CentOS 7+) run the command below to have Docker start when you boot your machine.

systemctl enable --now docker

# Enabling Swap

On most systems, docker will be unable to setup swap space, you can check if this is the case by running docker info. If it outputs WARNING: No swap limit support near the bottom, this is the case. Enabling swap is completely optional, but we recommended doing it if you will be hosting for others, and to prevent OOM errors.

To do so, open /etc/default/grub as a root user, and find the line starting with GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT. Make sure the line includes swapaccount=1.

After doing that, simply run sudo update-grub followed by sudo reboot to restart the server and have swap enabled. Below is an example of what the line should look like, do not copy this line verbatium, it often has additional OS specific parameters.


# Installing Wings

The first step for installing Wings is to make sure we have the required directory structure setup. To do so, run the commands below which will create the base directory and download the wings executable.

mkdir -p /etc/pterodactyl
curl -L -o /usr/local/bin/wings https://github.com/pterodactyl/wings/releases/latest/download/wings_linux_amd64
chmod u+x /usr/local/bin/wings

OVH/SYS Servers

If you are using a server provided by OVH or SoYouStart please be aware that your main drive space is probably allocated to /home, and not / by default. Please consider using /home/daemon-data for server data. This can be easily set when creating the node.

# Configure

Once you have installed Wings and the required components, the next step is to create a node on your installed Panel. Go to your Panel administrative view, select Nodes from the sidebar, and on the right side click Create New button.

After you have created a node, click on it and there will be a tab called Configuration. Copy the code block content, paste it into a new file called config.yml in /etc/pterodactyl and save it.

Alternatively, you can click on the Generate Token button, copy the bash command and paste it into your terminal.


When your Panel is using SSL, the Wings must also have one created for its FQDN. See Creating SSL Certificates documentation page for how to create these certificates before continuing.

# Starting Wings

To start Wings, simply run the command below, which will start it in a debug mode. Once you confirmed that it is running without errors, use CTRL+C to terminate the process and daemonize it by following the instructions below. Depending on your server's internet connection pulling and starting Wings for the first time may take a few minutes.

sudo wings --debug

You may optionally add the --debug flag to run Wings in debug mode.

# Daemonizing (using systemd)

Running Wings in the background is a simple task, just make sure that it runs without errors before doing this. Place the contents below in a file called wings.service in the /etc/systemd/system directory.

Description=Pterodactyl Wings Daemon



Then, run the commands below to reload systemd and start Wings.

systemctl enable --now wings

# Node Allocations

Allocation is a combination of IP and Port that you can assign to a server. Each created server must have at least one allocation. The allocation would be the IP address of your network interface. In some cases, such as when behind NAT, it would be the internal IP. To create new allocations go to Nodes > your node > Allocation.

Type hostname -I | awk '{print $1}' to find the IP to be used for the allocation. Alternatively, you can type ip addr | grep "inet " to see all your available interfaces and IP addresses. Do not use for allocations.