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# Debian 10

In this guide we will install Pterodactyl v1.X — including all of it's dependencies — and configure our webserver to serve it using SSL.


This guide is based off the official installation documentation but is tailored specifically for Debian 10.

# Install Requirements

We will first begin by installing all of Pterodactyl's required dependencies.

# MariaDB

apt install -y software-properties-common curl apt-transport-https ca-certificates

## Get apt updates
apt update

## Install MariaDB
apt install -y mariadb-common mariadb-server mariadb-client

## Start mariadb
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

# PHP 8.1

# Add repository for PHP
curl -o /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/php.gpg
echo "deb buster main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list

## Get apt updates
apt update

## Install PHP 8.1
apt install -y php8.1 php8.1-{cli,common,gd,mysql,mbstring,bcmath,xml,fpm,curl,zip}

# Nginx

apt install -y nginx

# Redis

apt install -y redis-server

systemctl start redis-server
systemctl enable redis-server

# Additional Utilities

# Certbot

apt install -y certbot curl

# Composer

curl -sS | php -- --install-dir=/usr/local/bin --filename=composer

# Server Configuration

This following section covers the configuration of parts of the server to run the panel.

# Configuring MariaDB

The fastest way to set up mariadb is to use the mysql_secure_installation command and follow prompts


The following are safe defaults.

Change to your own secure password
Set root password? [Y/n] Y

Get rid of users that could access the db by default
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y

Keep root off the external interfaces
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y

Extra databases that aren't needed
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y

Clears and sets all the changes made
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure.

# Adding MariaDB user

To add your first user to the database, see our tutorial on setting up MySQL.

# Setup PHP

The default php-fpm configuration is fine to use and can be started and then enabled on the system using the commands below.

systemctl enable php8.1-fpm
systemctl start php8.1-fpm

# Nginx

Please check our tutorial on generating SSL certificates for more information.

# SSL Configuration




server_tokens off;

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name <domain>;
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    server_name <domain>;

    root /var/www/pterodactyl/public;
    index index.php;

    access_log /var/log/nginx/;
    error_log  /var/log/nginx/ error;

    # allow larger file uploads and longer script runtimes
    client_max_body_size 100m;
    client_body_timeout 120s;

    sendfile off;

    # SSL Configuration - Replace the example <domain> with your domain
    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/<domain>/fullchain.pem;
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/<domain>/privkey.pem;
    ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
    ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    # See before uncommenting the line below.
    # add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=15768000; preload;";
    add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
    add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
    add_header X-Robots-Tag none;
    add_header Content-Security-Policy "frame-ancestors 'self'";
    add_header X-Frame-Options DENY;
    add_header Referrer-Policy same-origin;

    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;

    location ~ \.php$ {
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php8.1-fpm.sock;
        fastcgi_index index.php;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param PHP_VALUE "upload_max_filesize = 100M \n post_max_size=100M";
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param HTTP_PROXY "";
        fastcgi_intercept_errors off;
        fastcgi_buffer_size 16k;
        fastcgi_buffers 4 16k;
        fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
        fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
        fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
        include /etc/nginx/fastcgi_params;

    location ~ /\.ht {
        deny all;

# Redis Setup

The default Redis install is perfectly fine for the panel. If you have Redis already in use you may want to look into running another Redis instance (opens new window).

# Installing the Panel

Excellent, we now have all of the required dependencies installed and configured. From here, follow the official Panel installation documentation.